#### Accounting Equation Explained Owner’s equity is the amount of money that a company owner has personally invested in the company. The residual value of assets is also what an owner can claim after all the liabilities are paid off if the company has to shut down. The basic accounting equation is very useful in analyzing transactions with the global practice of double entry in bookkeeping and ledger organization. For a more detailed analysis of the shareholder’s equity, an expanded accounting formula may also be used. The accounting equation is an essential tool for understanding the relationships between assets, liabilities and equity in any business. It is a fundamental concept that all accountants should understand and apply when evaluating a company’s financial position.

The asset, liability, and shareholders’ equity portions of the accounting equation are explained further below, noting the different accounts that may be included in each one. For all recorded transactions, if the total debits and credits for a transaction are equal, then the result is that the company’s assets are equal to the sum of its liabilities and equity. The income and retained earnings of the accounting equation is also an essential component in computing, understanding, and analyzing a firm’s income statement. This statement reflects profits and losses that are themselves determined by the calculations that make up the basic accounting equation.

## Retained earnings equation

Knowing how to calculate retained earnings helps business owners to perform a more in-depth financial analysis. Also, the statement of retained earnings allows owners to analyse net income after accounting for dividend payouts. Owners should calculate the statement of retained earnings at the end of each accounting period, even if the amount of dividends issued was zero. Here are a few of these equations along with a brief explanation of how they work. The https://www.bookstime.com/what-is-the-accounting-equation is only designed to provide the underlying structure for how the balance sheet is formulated. As long as an organization follows the accounting equation, it can report any type of transaction, even if it is fraudulent.

### What is the basic accounting equation?

The accounting equation is a formula that shows the sum of a company's liabilities and shareholders' equity are equal to its total assets (Assets = Liabilities + Equity). The clear-cut relationship between a company's liabilities, assets and equity are the backbone to double-entry bookkeeping.

Sometimes, liabilities are called obligations — the company has an obligation to make payments on loans or mortgages, or they risk damage to their credit and business. These are some simple examples, but even the most complicated transactions can be recorded in a similar way. In other words, the total amount of all assets will always equal the sum of liabilities and shareholders’ equity.

## These will affect the accounting equation as follows:

For example, when a company borrows money from a bank, the company’s assets will increase and its liabilities will increase by the same amount. When a company purchases inventory for cash, one asset will https://www.bookstime.com/ increase and one asset will decrease. Because there are two or more accounts affected by every transaction, the accounting system is referred to as the double-entry accounting or bookkeeping system.   0